So it is not surprising that the monk in the Anglo-Saxon manuscript points to large genitals to warn against the pitfall of sexual activity (and jealousy) within the monastery: the penis is best considered as a seductive foreign country to which one travels at one's peril.
So, while Jesus could appear as a male nude on two late Classical mosaics in Ravenna depicting his baptism, the naked male very gradually came to be viewed, after the establishment of St Benedict's Rule a couple of centuries later, as a symbol of dire temptation - increasingly as the Benedictine monasteries multiplied.
Benedictine monks may well have pre-empted or influenced Thomas Aquinas' teaching that masturbation was a worse sin than rape, incest, and adultery (because in these other sins procreation is a possibility).
Already in the 11th century, Pope Leo IX (1049-54) had forbidden masturbators (reputed or self-confessed) to be admitted to sacred orders.
They may not tally precisely with other clocks because of the way this application is configured.
A squatting naked man points to his genitals which are being bitten by snakes that represent both the temptation and the hellish punishment for yielding to it.
Snakes also attack his hair and his moustaches while he pulls his beard - his secondary sexual characteristics.
The motif of a human being threatened or punished by beasts or monsters, frequent in Romanesque art, also occurs on Compare the manuscript illustration above with a carving on the cathedral at Elne (Pyrénées-Orientales), which is also of a monk, smiling as he is sliding into the maw of a remarkable beast whose tail coils back to its head in a double helix.'brotherly love', the pairing of monks in 'spiritual marriage' as eulogised by the 12th Century, Abbot (later Saint) Ælred of Rievaulx in Yorkshire, whose spiritual and close relationship with a monk called Simon slightly pre-dated the famous heterosexual liaison of Abelard and Eloïse and harked back to the "marriage of true minds": the Sacred Union of two holy males in Brotherly Love ('philadelphia') practised by uninstitutionalised early Christian monks in the Middle East and, later, in Ireland.
Obviously, the danger of what we now call 'homosexual acts' must have been ever-present just as it is in any same-sex institution, especially within the Roman Catholic church which even today displays duplicitous ambivalence in its attitude towards the behaviour (and 'sexual orientation') of priests who are not even confined to the monastic situation.
This is a variant of the motif of mutual beard-pullers which originally symbolised strife and discord between males, though also seems to have come to symbolise 'unnatural' affection.
( Nurith Kenaan-Kedar, however, quaintly regards beard-pulling as symbolic of the sin of Despair.
In Romanesque art women's hair (or elaborate head-dress) usually symbolises luxury and sensuality, while men's beards/moustaches often symbolise testosteronic sinfulness.
A twelfth-century Spanish carving depicts a bicorporeal man each of whose bodies tugs at his beard.
The remaining data are from other sections of the UN, the Global Footprint Network and the International Telecommunications Union. Visit the UN Population Fund's detailed population calculator, 7 billion and me.